Green Glossary

Getting 'mixed up' with all the different green terms, certifications,
and
logos? The Rochester
Institute of Technology
has created a guide that will help
you determine what's what when Going Green!



The following are more COMMON terms:



  • PCW - Post-consumer waste, a waste type produced by the end
    consumer, material that individuals routinely discard

  • Windpower - The conversion of wind energy into electricity

  • Carbon Neutral - Zero total carbon release, brought about by
    balancing the amount of carbon released with the amount sequestered or
    offset

  • Greenhouse Gases - The gases present in the atmosphere,
    which
    reduce the loss of heat into space



  • The following
    represent a large chunk of the logos and certification marks that
    you'll come across in the paper world:



    src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/recycled.gif" alt=""
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    The recycling
    symbol

    is an internationally-recognized symbol used to designate recyclable
    materials. The use of the symbol is not regulated (or trademarked),
    thus countless variants exist. In the paper world, use of the symbol
    means that the paper has been recycled (compared to "is recyclable"). A
    percentage inside the symbol indicates the amount of recycled fiber.



    src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/fsc.gif" alt=""
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    Forest Stewardship Council
    (FSC)

    is an international, non-profit association that encourages
    the responsible management of the world’s forests and sets standards
    that
    ensure forestry is practiced in an environmentally responsible,
    socially
    beneficial and economically viable way. FSC Certification means that an
    independent third party has established a chain of custody to verify
    that the paper originates in an FSC-certified sustainable, well-managed
    forest. A thorough comparison of FSC, SFI, CSA, and PEFC is available
    is
    available at marketsinitiative.org.



    src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/sfi.gif" alt=""
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    Sustainable Forestry
    Initiative
    (SFI)

    is similar in goal to the Forest Stewardship Council, but it is managed
    by the paper industry. It is
    comprised of management practices designed to ensure the future health
    and growth of forests, but does not use an independent certifier nor
    does it address problems such as converting old forests into tree
    plantations, as FSC does.
    A thorough comparison of FSC, SFI, CSA, and PEFC is available
    is
    available at marketsinitiative.org/.




     
    src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/csa.gif" alt=""
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    Canadian Standards Association
    is a membership-based association serving business, industry,
    government, and consumers. It develops standards that address real
    needs, such as enhancing public safety and health, advancing the
    quality of life, helping to preserve the environment, and facilitating
    trade. A thorough comparison of FSC, SFI, CSA, and PEFC is available
    is
    available at marketsinitiative.org/.



    src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/pefc.gif" alt=""
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    Programme for the Endorsement of
    Forest Certification

    is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization, which
    promotes sustainably managed forests through independent third party
    certification. The PEFC provides an assurance mechanism to purchasers
    of wood and paper products that they are promoting the sustainable
    management of forests.
    A thorough comparison of FSC, SFI, CSA, and PEFC is available
    is
    available at marketsinitiative.org/.



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    style="border: 0px solid ; width: 71px; height: 61px;">





    Green-e certification

    identifies products and services made with renewable energy that
    doesn’t pollute, such as wind, solar, biomass and hydrogen fuel.



     src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/green_seal.gif" alt=""
    style="border: 0px solid ; width: 71px; height: 66px;">





    Green Seal certification
    identifies products that contain at least 30 percent post-consumer
    material and are manufactured without chlorine or chlorine derivatives.



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    alt="" style="border: 0px solid ; width: 71px; height: 62px;">





    Rainforest
    Alliance

    works with FSC to help companies work with sustainable sources.
    Rainforest Alliance certification is an independent seal of approval
    “that goods and services were produced in compliance with strict
    guidelines protecting the environment, wildlife, workers and local
    communities.”



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    Rainforest
    Alliance's SmartWood program

    offers a diverse set of certification and verification services. Each
    of these services has a different focus, ranging from Forest
    Stewardship Council certification, to verification of legality, to the
    management of high conservation value forests.



     src="http://www.rit.edu/upub/going_green/processed_chlorine_free.gif"
    alt="" style="border: 0px solid ; width: 71px; height: 68px;">





    Processed
    Chlorine Free (PCF)
    refers to papers that contain postconsumer
    recycled
    fiber that was processed without the use of any additional chlorine or
    chlorine compounds. If these papers also contain a percentage of virgin
    fiber, the virgin fiber must have been processed without the use of any
    chlorine or chlorine compounds. Because PCF paper contains
    recycled-content
    fibers, PCF paper production can also reduce water, energy and virgin
    fiber
    usage.



    Courtesy
    of the Rochester
    Institute of Technology


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